What is Tramadol For Dogs?
Ultram® is a prescription medicine that helps control your dog’s pain by dulling the brain’s perception of painful sensations by how the nervous system processes pain by binding to the mu-opioid receptors. This is different from non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory drugs which work by influencing the area of damage and helping to decrease swelling and pain in the area of injury.
However since NSAIDs can be harmful to animals, this course of treatment offers a “safer” alternative for treating chronic pain such as arthritis and dysplasia as long as the dosage is carefully controlled. It is often used for cancer or following surgical procedures.
While classified as a non-narcotic, it is a synthetic opiate (schedule IV controlled substance) and works via similar passageways and can cause all of the same side effects as a regular narcotic.
It is typically used to handle moderate to severe pain — especially as a post-op drug.
Tramadol is sold under multiple names including Ultram, Ralivia, Dromodol, and ConZip. However, you will normally find that when being prescribed for pets that it is only sold under its generic name.
Safer Tramadol Alternatives?
As you will read below, Tramadol can have serious side effects. If your dog is suffering from joint pain, we encourage you to look at Flexpet.
Flexpet is a new, clinically proven formula that uses CM8® (cetyl myristoleate) to help heal joints and reduce pain in as little as 7 days.
Typical Symptoms A Vet Would Use Tramadol To Treat
I want to first state that Tramadol has potential risks and should never be given without the direction of your vet.
This medicine is an analgesic (pain relief) medicine and can often be helpful with older canines suffering from joint pain.
It can also help when an acute injury has occurred and short-term pain relief is needed for extreme pain.
There are several conditions that are more commonly treated with this drug. A canine who has anxiety with events such as travel, holiday noises, weather or any unusual event that occurs outside his or her s normal routine may find relief from this medicine.
It can help to calm them and be able to safely get them through the event. However, this course of treatment is rare as there are typically safer options your vet will want to try first.
Depression is another disorder that this drug may help relieve. Since it is an opiate, it can actually induce mild feelings of euphoria, elevating their mood. If you’ve received a vet’s diagnose that your pooch as being depressed, you can inquire if it might help ease it. Once again, this is rarely used for depression but has seen positive results in some cases.
Another symptom a canine can suffer from is coughing. Have your pooch seen by his or her vet to determine the reason behind a cough. Of course, Tramadol is not the first course of action, but in extremely severe cases, it may be used to suppress severe coughing spasms.
Veterinarians are trained to read your dog’s body language to understand how serious a condition is by observing how they pant, whine, shake, how their eyes look and many other symptoms. They are the best judge to know when this or other medications are needed.
If they diagnose your pet as dealing with severe pain, your vet may suggest giving it a try. This course of treatment can be less addictive and often will cause fewer side effects than the other analgesics can offer. It is also one of the more affordable pain relief options out there.
Typical Tramadol Dosage Amounts
The dosage must be determined by a veterinarian. It can start at .5 mg for every pound and as a very low dose and goes all the way up to 1.8mg per pound and is given by mouth every 8 to 12 hours. The dosage and the times to administer are determined by the condition of your pooch.
Dosing will also vary according to the amount of pain he or she is in. Talk to you vet if they have prescribed an amount you do not feel is relieving the pain effectively. Your pet may also display unusual behaviors where you think they might be getting too much.
This is a narcotic-like drug, and while non-addicting, it does require a prescription.
Do not give your dog more medication without permission from your vet. This can lead to an overdose which can cause painful liver damage and even death. Stopping this medication must also be done slowly and typically is handled in a “tapered off” manner to prevent withdrawal symptoms.
Here are a number of side effects your dog may experience while using this medicine:
This is most often a symptom when your pet takes their medication on an empty stomach. If your canine consistently vomits after every dose, you may need to try a different medication.
Blurred vision is a very uncommon and infrequent side effect of a Tramadol use. It is easy to tell if your pet is suffering from this by watching your pet to see if there is any kind of disorientation or imbalance in movements. Dogs have also been known to walk haphazardly in circles and become confused when experiencing the blurred vision.
While this is not necessarily considered a severe side effect it is still something that should encourage the watching of your pet.
Drowsiness is very common for dogs on this drug though, and it is rarely something to be concerned about. It should not cause any problems for them, as long as they are eating and drinking when they are awake. It is normally most severe when they start taking the drug and gets better over time.
While the drowsiness is not a serious problem, you may still think your buddy is sleeping a bit too much. If you feel this way, you can try lowering their dosage by a little. It would not be recommended to try putting your pet on other drugs unless your veterinarian specifically approved something.
In the case of an overdose, drowsiness is a symptom here as well. If you noticed your dog becoming much more drowsy than usual, along with the other symptoms of an overdose of excess salivation, intoxicated movements, trouble breathing, loss of consciousness, seizures, vomiting etc., you would want to contact your vet, especially if you were unsure for some reason as to the dose that had been ingested.
Constipation is one of the most common side effects of opiates. You may notice your pet straining as if attempting to go and having no or limited success. Your dog may also show some signs of pain and bloat.
If they have not been able to go for a significant amount of time, they may also start to vomit.
There are some home remedies for curing this. You can increase their fiber intake. Some sources of fiber include canned pumpkin, dark green vegetables, and coconut fiber, one teaspoon per ten pounds of weight for each. You could give wet food instead of dry food to move things along. You should also make sure they are drinking plenty of water.
Another option is to give your pooch mineral oil. It is recommended to give one teaspoon per every ten pounds your dog weighs. Make sure to add to their food and not directly to the mouth as if inhaled it can cause serious respiratory problems.
As with all of these side effects, it is important to communicate what your pet is experiencing with their veterinarian so they can adjust dosages, as necessary.
You may observe your dog falling over, stumbling, and a general loss of balance. You may see your puppy walking in circles, tilting his head to one side, or struggling to walk at all.
Some canines react by lying on the floor and refusing to move, and you may not be able to discern any symptoms. In that case, you may notice an eye flickering movement, called nystagmus.
These symptoms can be very scary for a dog owner, but he is probably freaking out more than you and needs comfort and calmness from his human. It’s important to take a deep breath and calm yourself.
Pet your dog; scratch his ears; do everything you can to comfort him. Try to get your buddy to lie down in his dog bed or on a blanket. Somewhere comfortable where he can feel more relaxed. Resting will be his best defense against his spinning head.
Give your dog some water. He will probably be too uncoordinated to drink from a bowl, so you may have to help him along. It’s important that he stays hydrated to ensure proper blood flow to the brain.
Cocculus indicus, a homeopathic remedy, is usually recommended to help with nausea and car sickness in dogs and can be purchased at most pet stores. It can also help relieve your pooch’s dizziness, and pet owners report it has been effective.
Another option for alleviating dizziness in your puppy is ginger, which most people already have at home! A dosage is about 3/4 of a teaspoon for a dog over 35 pounds. The powdered form is fine to give to your dog and will probably be the easiest for him to take. If all you have is ginger root, be sure to peel it and mince it finely.
Severe Side Effects
These symptoms are not dangerous but if you notice them you should mention them to the vet, especially if they increase. More severe side effects are:
- trouble breathing
- developing rash
- slowing heart rate
Contact your vet right away with these symptoms as the dosage probably needs adjusting. If these symptoms progress too quickly, you will need to rush your pet back to their emergency care provider.
Working with the vet and monitoring your dog will decrease the side effects while helping your favorite buddy get the relief he needs.
Humans and pets alike have been known to have seizures while on this medication. If your pooch has a history of having seizures, make sure to tell your vet, as this may not be an appropriate medication.
I’m Having A Hard Time Getting My Pet To Take His Medicine
It can be really hard to get your pet to take his meds. Becoming an expert at disguising the pill is typically key. I like to try placing it into their daily food (especially when using wet food) or wrapped inside their favorite treat (cheese normally works well for me) is usually the easiest way.
If your pup is a good eater they will probably gobble food up without noticing the pill.
If hiding it in food doesn’t work:
- Take the pill between fingers of one hand. Take the hand that is holding the pill and put it on their lower jaw. Take your other hand and place on their upper jaw
- Open your their mouth and twist your hand with the pill in it so you can place the pill in their mouth. Place the pill as far back on their tongue as you can. Quickly take your hand out of their mouth and close the jaw.
- Keep the mouth closed and the head pointed towards the ceiling. With one hand gently stroke the throat to encourage they swallow the pill.
- Make the experience as pleasant as possible. Once you know they have swallowed the pill, give them a treat. This will also ensure that the pill has gone down.
Common Questions (FAQs):
Should I Give My Dog It’s Dose When It Is Not In Obvious Pain?
Your pet may have prescribed one course of action, but over the course of a day, your pet is now in significantly less pain and you are wondering if you should give it the medication.
Since all pain meds must be processed by the liver, it is best not to give your pet more meds than absolutely necessary for them to be comfortable.
So if your pet is clearly past its pain, you should be able to communicate with your vet and get guidance on discontinuing the meds.
However, just stopping the medication suddenly can cause a relapse, and so it is important to watch your pet carefully while also staying in contact with their vet.
Is It Normal For Canines To Sleep A Lot After Their Pill?
We often hear that their pets sleep a lot after taking Tramadol. This is a normal side effect of the medication and shouldn’t be cause for worry. Once the pet’s system becomes accustomed to the dosage, it should make them less sleepy.
Is Tramadol For Humans Different Than Tramadol For Dogs (50 mg HCL)?
There is no difference between the types of medication. However, the human form is often mixed with other medications, such as Tylenol or codeine. It is important that you consult with your vet and possibly even show him or her the vial of medications before using it for your pet.
These secondary medications can have interactions with your pet which could prove fatal.
Is It An Anti-Inflammatory?
This medication does not affect swelling and is only for the treatment of pain. Canine-Specific Non- Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAID) such as Rimadyl, deracoxib, Previcox or meloxicam are needed to decrease swelling.
These medications actively target and inhibit inflammation, and in some case may speed recovery (especially when treating an acute injury).
Sometimes your vet will prescribe an NSAID alongside Tramadol. Depending on your pet’s pain levels, they may need to be on their anti-inflammatory medication for a longer or shorter amount of time than the Tramadol.
Is Tramadol A Steroid?
There are no steroids in Tramadol and it is just a synthetic opiate. It is used to treat mild to moderate pain. While it isn’t a steroid, since it is a synthetic opiate, it is addictive. It doesn’t get you “high” when taken according to prescription, but it does have a high addiction rate.
Can Tramadol Be Given On An Empty Stomach?
Most of us disguise pills inside of food, so it really doesn’t become much of an issue for most of us. However, it does seem as though nausea can be worse when given on an empty stomach. This, of course, raises the chance of them vomiting the medication, and losing the benefits.
Of course, you don’t want your pet to be so full that they refuse their medication. or most of my pets, I sneak them their meds right before they eat.
Is It Safe To Give My Dog Tramadol And Prednisone At The Same Time?
It is not uncommon for canines to be on multiple medications when trying to treat severe pain situations. Drug interactions are something a pet owner should always be on the lookout for, especially, if it has been a few months since the last medication was prescribed.
Your pet may be on medication to control the pain, as well as steroids in order to help reduce the local swelling around the hip joint.
There should be no interactions between Tramadol and Prednisone. There is no interaction between the two drugs, and they are usually given together to treat humans with similar conditions to the one my dog has.
However, always communicate with your vet, as there may be extra concerns with your individual case — such as liver health — that your vet needs to consider.
Is Tramadol Safe For Dogs Suffering From Kidney Disease?
The kidneys are critical to purging waste products from the blood. If your canine is suffering from renal failure, it is highly likely that your veterinarian may put them on an adjusted dose. They will want to help your pet manage their pain without putting undue pressure on the rest of the endocrine system.
This is a case where you definitely want to observe your pet and communicate carefully on what circumstances would require an extra pill or increase in dosage. And, if your pet is managing their pain well, you may want to speak with your vet about a decrease.
Is Tramadol Safe For Dogs Suffering From Liver Disease?
It does not appear that proper use of this medication can cause liver disease. As long as you stay with your veterinarian’s recommendation, there should be no long-term harm. Overdosing on this medication can kill the liver, so it extremely important not to overdose.
However, it does increase the load on the liver slightly. And, if the liver is not able to properly process chemicals and the waste enzymes produced by Tramadol, there could be some impact.
In most cases, your veterinarian should weigh the risks and discuss which option is best. In most cases, the liver condition will not be so advanced so as to prevent your pet from using this medication.
Is Tramadol Safe For Canines After Surgery?
In addition to running this blog and being a mother to Butler, I have helped out at an animal rescue center for a few years now. I deal with all kinds of animals and recently had the pleasure of caring for a canine who had just had an operation to replace a knee joint.
She was only two years old and had been born with a defective knee. She was given to the center as the owner could not afford the vet fees.
The rescue shelter covered the costs of her knee replacement, and even though it was only two days ago, she is doing extremely well and should be running around like a normal young dog in a few weeks. The dog is currently on painkillers, and a lot of people do wonder if tramadol is safe for canines after surgery?
As long as the dose the vet gives is maintained, then dogs are very tolerant of this drug. As with any animal, medical drugs should be given to them for the shortest term possible, and the dog I am looking after should be pain-free in a couple of weeks.
Watching your loved one lose a battle with cancer has got to be one of the hardest things you will ever do. I’ve been there. We’ve said goodbye to three dogs now in our family who have been taken by the ravages of this horrible disease.
There is never a moment when we don’t stop hoping that our pets will get better. But, ultimately, we want them to be comfortable.
Patient-Vet Communication Is Key
At every stage of care, it is important for you to be informed of all available treatment options. Ask questions of your Vet and take notes. Do research online and cross-reference what you find with what your vet thinks.
Sometimes you can find new options that your vet may not yet have heard of. And a lot of times your vet will have already discounted these “amazing” treatment options based on certain challenges in your pet’s particular case.
Pain Management During Cancer Treatment
Ideally, by treating the underlying cause of the pain, your pet will naturally begin to feel better. However, as we all know, a lot of the treatment options themselves are quite painful.
Radiation and Surgery can leave your pet weak and whimpering, and before pursuing either option, discuss how their pain can best be managed.
Sometimes there is no cure available. In those cases, pain management is all the more important. With the proper medication, your pet can have months of happy palliative care before their condition becomes unmanageable.
Affording Cancer Treatment
While none of us want to talk about it, money is always an important consideration. Be candid with your vet on how much you can allocate to your pet’s comfort. Often there may be generic prescription options available.
Purchasing your pet’s drugs online can also save you money. Your vet may not like this as well, but simply ask for them to write you a prescription. They can’t really refuse.
When shopping online look for discounts and coupons. However, I would not recommend buying your drugs from places like Craigslist or eBay. Depending on the medication, a purchase from one of these non-regulated sites can actually be illegal.
Not to mention the “drug” may simply be a placebo repackaged by some Chinese scam artist.
Tramadol For Palliative Care
One of the most commonly suggested medications is Tramadol. While it works very much like an opiate, it does not (yet) have as many restrictions on its use.
There are some challenges with prescribing it for a cancer patient. For one, the patient’s weight may have changed significantly. Be sure to weigh your pet and adjust the amount given to match their current weight.
Tramadol can also either make your dog extremely loopy, or restless and agitated. Watch their behavior closely and communicate with your vet if there are side effects that concern you.
They may also be more thirsty while on this medication, and their appetite may change.
The benefit is that this medication is one of the more affordable options for serious pain management.
There is nothing that will make you feel more helpless than watching your dog suffer from arthritis. It makes you want to carry them everywhere so they don’t have to feel pain.
Unfortunately, arthritis is an all too common disease that our loved ones face. It’s a degenerative condition, which means that it gets worse over time characterized by painful inflammation and stiffness of their joints.
It’s when all of that tennis ball and Frisbee chasing finally catches up with your pet. The fascia and ligaments have stretched, causing the joints to rub on each other. This causes the osteoblast to create new bone matter in places it should be. The osteoclasts then try to do their job and break it down.
It is a crippling experience for humans, and even worse for your pet as many of the traditional treatments for humans are not available pets.
Signs And Symptoms
Observation is your best friend in diagnosing your pooch. Are they having more difficulty accomplishing their day-to-day activities? Are they having difficulty getting on the couch? Going upstairs?
Getting in and out of the car? Do they seem hesitant to do things they used to do?
Maybe they don’t want to run as much anymore, and old games that used to be their favorite, no longer fascinate them.
The onset of arthritis tends to be a slow process, and many owners don’t catch it until their dog appears lame — whether holding up a paw or limping.
Here some more symptoms:
- Refusing To Obey (or move)
- Licking The Joints
- Slow to move
Larger Dogs are Especially Susceptible.
Increased size and weight puts more stress on joints.
But ultimately, your dog’s first line of defense comes down to its owner. If you think your dog could be suffering from arthritis, getting them treatment early on in the degenerative process can greatly reduce the amount of pain they have to suffer.
The kingpin to arthritis is A) healthy cartilage and B) no genetic abnormalities. If your dog suffers from hip or elbow dysplasia, for example, it is highly likely that they will eventually progress into degenerative joint disease– no matter what you do.
However, if your dog does not have other conditions causing the increased strain on their joints, you may be able to help “stem the tide”.
There currently aren’t any medications on the market that help rebuilds the cartilage, however, there are some supplements that show promise. The key is to get your dog on these supplements early. In fact, some large breed owners have started using these supplements as soon as their pets move out of the puppy phase.
Typically, these supplements use a combination of Glucosamine, Cosequin, Tumeric and Vitamin C. There are some dog-specific formulas on the market which seem to have positive results for many dog owners.
The goal is to not “treat” arthritis but to supplement their cartilage and ligaments and help rebuild them, preventing the bone damage in the first place.
If your dog is already showing signs, you can certainly try the supplementation, however, it is likely that it will need to be supplemented by other medications in order to help your pet get the immediate relief they need.
Types Of Arthritis
This is an immune-mediated disease. In other words, the body’s immune system thinks that part of the body is a foreign object and attacks it. The antibodies bind to the protein, causing complexes which are then deposited in the joint.
As the body tries to remove these complexes, it also removes part of the joint.
And so the cycle continues, weakening the joints and leaving your best friend in agonizing pain.
The Synovial fluid can be examined by a vet to identify if the dog has rheumatoid arthritis. If there is a positive diagnosis, immunosuppressive drugs may be prescribed to slow the damage (in addition to some of the pain managing medications listed in this article)
Most of this article has focused on degenerative arthritis which occurs when a pet’s cartilage has broken down and the bone is rubbing on bone. This can be a result of overuse or a secondary problem arising from a genetic disorder such as hip dysplasia.
Treating Arthritis With Tramadol For Dogs
Veterinarians will sometimes suggest using a strong painkiller to help your dog with their arthritis.
Tramadol is one such analgesic (painkiller) which acts by blocking the pain.
It works by binding to the mu-opioid receptors and preventing re-uptake of serotonin by the brain. However, this mechanism can be addicting and lead to a dependence on this medication.
Additionally, it can have several potential side effects, including seizures. It is important to discuss your dog’s health history with your vet before starting. Their dosage will be adjusted during treatment to make sure your pet is living pain-free but to also skirt any side effects.
When your pet is in severe pain, this medication can be a godsend of relief and can – in my experience – add several years of pain-free living to your pet’s life.
We’ve been working our way through a list of commonly prescribed medications and helping break down all of the scientific mumbo-jumbo so the average dog owner can understand exactly what is going on.
Prescribing Tramadol For Older Dogs
Older dogs deal with a lot of pain. As much as it grieves, us, their bodies aren’t designed to last as long as ours.
And it is frustrating to see them in so much pain and yet be unable to help. Especially when they are fighting cancer, or arthritis, or any other painful, degenerative condition.
At the right moment, you may have to make the decision to say goodbye, but we want to prolong that as long as possible.
Tramadol is an excellent way to help with end of life comfort. It is one of the more robust medications and it has a long track record. Veterinarians are comfortable dosing it and watching for side-effects. Compared to a lot of the options, this one can make a huge difference for your pet.
What Are The Risks?
There is a number of side-effects that we discuss, and you will want to get up to speed on those so you can keep an eye out for any problems.
The main concern might be liver or kidney damage. Tramadol is mostly processed by the liver, so that would be the first concern. If your dog already has a weak liver or kidney, the added strain of breaking down medications could tax their system.
Sometimes your vet will schedule regular blood draws to watch for indicators that your pet is having a hard time keeping up with the load. This can help prevent excessive damage and give you time to adjust to a different medication before irreparable damage is done.
Sometimes there are alternative treatment options that can help your pet reduce their pain. For example, there are excellent supplements for joint pain that can help rebuild cartilage and solves arthritic pain at the source.
These supplements take a little bit longer to get on top of the problem as they only assist in healing — they don’t block pain like Tramadol does.
Sometimes you can start your pet on these other supplements when your dog is initially prescribed. The Tramadol can help with the immediate pain while the supplements have time to heal and rejuvenate. And then, over time, you can help your pet wean off of the harder drugs.
Canine Water Therapy
Something that is getting a lot of attention is hydrotherapy. Depending on your dog’s level of pain, they may not enjoy swimming. However, being in the water can loosen their joints and help them to relax before bed.
Sometimes a dog finds the low-impact of the pool to be something they can handle. This lets them swim and strengthen their muscles without the pain from walking.
It’s something to consider and it may give your pet renewed enjoyment of life when their ball-catching days are behind them.